BOFIT Viikkokatsaus / BOFIT Weekly 2020/35
Issuance of new housing loans cratered in April and May due to the coronavirus lockdown. The volume of new housing loans issued in May was down by about 30 % from February and March. In June, the lending decline reversed, with 270 billion rubles in new housing loans granted, i.e. about the same amount of lending as in February and March. Data provided by Russia’s largest banks show growth in housing lending continued in July with significantly more housing loans issued than in June.
During May-July, 270 billion rubles in subsidised interest loans were granted under a new housing loan scheme that provides loans at rate of 6.5 % p.a. in accordance with a government decision. The support scheme and CBR rate cuts have lowered interest rates on all housing loans. In June, the average rate for new housing loan was 7.5 % p.a., down from 10.3 % a year earlier. The average interest rate on loans granted for the purchase of new apartments using an escrow account fell below 6 %. The use of escrow accounts in housing financing is gradually increasing in Russia, and at present just over a third of apartments under construction are sold through escrow account arrangements.
The average length of housing loans granted in June was 18 years with an average size of 2.3 million rubles (28,000 euros). Annual growth in the stock of housing loans declined to under 14 % y-o-y in June. A year ago, the annual growth in housing loans was 22 %. The growth of the housing loan stock has been sustained by increased borrowing and active use of deferred principal payments and other loan restructuring arrangements offered during the pandemic.
Demand for housing loans remains fairly strong
Sources: Central Bank of Russia, CEIC and BOFIT.