Page updated 10 Jan 2018                        
                         
Macroeconomic indicators
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 as of
GDP, %-change 8.5 5.2 -7.8 4.5 4.3 3.7 1.8 0.7 -2.5 -0.2 1.8 Q1-3/17
GDP, RUB billion 33 248 41 277 38 807 46 309 60 283 68 164 73 134 79 200 83 387 85 918 65 815 Q1-3/17
GDP, EUR billion1 949 1 133 879 1 150 1 474 1 707 1 727 1 554 1 225 1 159 1 013 Q1-3/17
GDP, USD billion1 1 300 1 658 1 223 1 525 2 050 2 194 2 295 2 051 1 360 1 283 1 128 Q1-3/17
Industrial production,
%-change y-o-y
6.8 0.6 -10.7 7.3 5.0 3.4 0.4 1.7 -0.8 1.3 1.2 1-11/17
Fixed investments,
%-change y-o-y
23.8 9.5 -13.5 6.3 10.8 6.8 0.8 -1.5 -8.4 -0.9 4.2 Q1-3/17
Retail sales,
%-change y-o-y
16.1 13.7 -5.1 6.5 7.1 6.3 3.9 2.7 -10.0 -5.2 1.0 1-11/17
Exports, USD billion 346.5 466.3 297.2 392.7 515.4 527.4 523.3 497.8 340.3 282.8 281.8 1-10/17
Imports, USD billion 223.1 288.7 183.9 245.7 318.6 335.8 341.3 308.0 194.1 191.1 191.7 1-10/17
Current account, USD billion 77.8 103.5 48.6 71.0 98.8 74.8 38.0 63.0 67.2 24.5 23.6 Q1-3/17
Unemployment, %
(end of period)
6.0 6.2 8.2 7.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.1 11/17
Population, million pers. 
(in the beginning of the year)2
142.8 142.8 142.7 142.9 142.9 143.0 143.3 143.7 146.3 146.5 146.8  
1) Exchange rates are annual averages (current year: average from the beginning of the year).            
2) As of 2015 includes the population of the Crimean Peninsula.                
Sources: Rosstat, CBR.                        
                         
Fiscal indicators for federal government
(% of GDP unless otherwise indicated; end-year/period figures for debt)
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 as of
Revenues 23.4 22.5 19.5 17.9 20.3 20.7 19.5 20.3 18.5 16.1 16.3 1-11/17
Expenditures 18.0 18.4 24.8 21.9 19.8 20.9 20.0 20.8 21.2 19.7 17.0 1-11/17
Surplus 5.4 4.1 -5.4 -4.0 0.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.5 -2.6 -3.6 -0.6 1-11/17
Central government debt  7.2 6.5 8.3 9.0 8.9 9.6 10.3 13.0 13.2 12.9 13.2 Q1-3/17
External debt 2.9 1.8 2.6 2.3 1.7 2.5 2.7 2.0 2.3 3.1 3.6 Q1-3/17
External debt, USD billion 37.4 29.5 31.3 34.6 34.7 54.4 61.7 41.6 30.6 39.2 54.3 Q1-3/17
Oil funds, USD billion1 156.8 225.1 152.1 113.9 112.0 150.7 176.0 165.9 121.7 87.9 84.0 11/17
1) Incl. the Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund.                  
Sources: Ministry of Finance (budget, central government debt and stabilisation fund), CBR (external debt).        
                         
Monetary indicators
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 as of
Inflation, %, y-o-y 11.9 13.3 8.8 8.8 6.1 6.6 6.5 11.4 12.9 5.4 2.5 12/17
M2, %-change y-o-y 43.5 0.8 17.7 31.1 22.3 11.9 14.6 2.2 11.5 9.2 10.1 11/17
Average wage, RUB1​ 13 529 17 238 18 806 21 211 23 690 26 837 30 141 32 629 34 012 36 740 38 720 11/17
Average wage, USD1​ 529 694 592 698 806 863 947 850 558 548 657 11/17
Average wage, EUR1 386 474 426 527 580 672 713 641 503 495 559 11/17
Deposit interest rate, %2 5.20 7.00 8.20 4.90 5.70 6.10 5.10 12.29 8.43 6.50 5.67 10/17
Lending interest rate, %3 10.80 15.50 13.70 9.10 9.30 9.40 9.40 18.31 13.80 11.83 9.82 10/17
Forex reserves, USD billion
(incl. gold)
476.4 427.1 439.0 479.4 498.6 537.6 509.6 385.5 368.4 377.7 431.6 11/17
Crude oil, Urals,
USD/barrel1
69.5 94.1 60.9 78.1 109.6 110.8 108.3 97.9 51.5 42.1 63.9 12/17
RUB/USD exchange rate
(average)4
25.6 24.9 31.7 30.4 29.4 31.1 31.9 38.6 61.3 67.0 58.4 1-12/17
RUB/EUR exchange rate
(average)4
35.0 36.4 44.1 40.3 40.9 39.9 42.3 51.0 68.1 74.1 65.9 1-12/17
1) Annual averages (current year: monthly average).                  
2) Household ruble deposits for a term of up to one year (excluding Sberbank).              
3) Ruble loans to non-financial institutions with a maturity of up to one year (excluding Sberbank).          
4) Annual averages (current year: average from the beginning of the year).              
Sources: Rosstat, CBR, Bloomberg.