BOFIT Viikkokatsaus / BOFIT Weekly Review 2022/52

The International Federation of Robotics reports that over 500,000 new industrial robot units were installed worldwide last year, an all-time record. Over half of the units, nearly 270,000, were installed in China, which was 100,000 units more than in 2020. The next largest installations of new industrial robots last year were in Japan (47,000), the United States (35,000) and South Korea (31,000).

China’s installed base of industrial robots now exceeds one million units. The global installed base of industrial robots is about 3.5 million units, so about a third of the world’s installed base of industrial robots operate in China. However, considering the number of robots relative to the number of industrial jobs, the biggest user of industrial robots is South Korea (1,000 installed industrial robot units per 10,000 workers in 2021). Using this comparison, China is only fifth in the world (322 units per 10,000 workers) after Singapore, Japan and Germany. In any case, China has already surpassed the US (274 units) and doubles the relative amount of robots in Finland (161 units). While China is continuously increasing domestic production of industrial robots, the bulk of industrial robots are still made in Japan or Germany. Moreover, many of the components used to build robots still have to be imported, slowing China’s ambition of becoming self-sufficient.

The biggest uptake of new industrial robots in China last year continued to be among manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment and devices. These fields last year installed 88,000 new robots, a nearly 40 % increase from 2020. The largest units increase, however, was in the automobile industry. Carmakers last year installed 62,000 new robots, or double the amount they installed in 2019 and 2020. Robotization of the car industry is expected to continue strongly over the coming years as human labour costs continue to rise and car factories are repurposed for production of electrical vehicles (EVs). China expects EVs to account for over half of its car production by 2035.

China installed a record number of new industrial robots last year


Sources: International Federation of Robotics and BOFIT.

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