The 2016 Corruption Perceptions Index published by Transparency International (TI), downgraded Russia's position in the rankings from 2015. This was mostly due to the addition of new, less corrupt countries to the survey. Out of the 176 countries reviewed for perceived corruption, Russia scored 29 points, which meant it shared the rank of 131 with Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Iran and Nepal. In 2015, Russia also scored 29 points, which gave a ranking of 119th among 168 countries surveyed.
China's ranking improved from 2015. As a country with a score of 40 points, China shared 79th place with India, Brazil and Belarus. China in recent years has made efforts to fight corruption, with much of the action focused on corruption in the public sector and state-owned enterprises. Although the rank of India and Brazil remained rather unaltered, they showed slight improvements in their corruption scores. The least corrupt countries were Denmark and New Zealand.
The TI Corruption Perceptions Index rates perceived public sector corruption on a scale of 0 to 100, with 100 being the least corrupt. The score is calculated from indexes compiled by many other institutions. Countries that perform poorly typically have weak economic and political institutions, including justice systems, media, civil society and public administration.
Public sector corruption 2016
Source: Transparency International.